[ssrn] We investigate if vertical separation reduces non-price discrimination and increases welfare. Consider an industry consisting of a vertically integrated firm and an independent retailer, which requires access to the vertically integrated firm's wholesaler services. The wholesaler can degrade the quality of input it supplies to either of the retailers. Discrimination occurs if one of the retailers is supplied an input of lower quality than its rival. We show that separation of the vertically integrated firm reduces discrimination against the independent retailer, although it does not guarantee no-discrimination. Furthermore, with separation, the wholesaler may discriminate against the vertically integrated firm's retailer. Vertical separation impacts social welfare through two e¤ects. First, through the double-marginalization effect, which is negative. Second, through the quality degradation effect, which can be positive! or negative. Hence, the net welfare impact of vertical separation is negative or potentially ambiguous.
Duarte Brito (Universidade Nova de Lisboa and CEFAGE-UE), Pedro Pereira (Autoridade da Concorrência and IST), and João Vareda (Autoridade da Concorrência and CEFAGE-UE)
Can Vertical Separation Reduce Non-Price Discrimination and Increase Welfare?